People often assume that medicine can cure M.E, or at least keep it under control. Unfortunately, they are wrong. While I can and do take many medicines to treat pain, insomnia and other symptoms, none of them will cure me or help me keep the fatigue at bay. The main symptom of M.E. for most people is Chronic Fatigue. The World Health Organisation says of this:
“Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a clinical diagnosis characterized by an unexplained persistent or relapsing chronic fatigue that is of at least six months’ duration, is not the result of ongoing exertion, is not substantially alleviated by rest, and results in substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities.”
The important parts to note here are “not alleviated by rest” and “not the result of ongoing exertion”. The result of this is that when someone suffering with M.E. tries to do something important – such as going for a compulsory interview at the job centre – there will be a payback for that activity which will cause them a disproportionate amount of fatigue as well as many other symptoms that they might suffer from. The payback may not hit straight away, or there might be several stages to it, and it can last for days or weeks. Stress often has the same effect as physical activity, and can result in the same payback.
I have found only one successful way to alleviate these problems and keep the fatigue at bay, and that is pacing. When I was a patient at the M.E. clinic at Oldchurch Hospital back in 2005, pacing was the most important thing that they taught me, and in fact getting pacing right was the bulk of my treatment there. Pacing played a large part in getting me back into work at the end of 2006. Now that I have had a serious relapse and have been well and truly in the “severe M.E.” category for a few months, I need to re-introduce pacing so that I can have some chance of getting my illness under control again. In fact, I should never have stopped pacing at all. For most sufferers, M.E. never really goes away, and without careful management it will strike back with a vengeance.
What is Pacing?
“Pacing is a technique used by many people with M.E. Pacing is about learning what activities your body will tolerate or cope with, without causing a relapse or a set back. It’s about taking a positive attitude to your recovery but discovering and recognising your limitations.” (Definition from action 4 me)
“Pacing is sometimes called adaptive pacing therapy (APT). Pacing is a strategy in which people with CFS/ME are encouraged to achieve a balance between rest and activity. This usually involves living within the limitations caused by the illness, but having some limited types of activity alternating with periods of rest.” (Definition from patient.co.uk)
The most important part of pacing is getting the right amount of rest. The M.E. clinic helped me divide my day into short periods of rest and activity. Every one to three hours of activity would be followed by half an hour of rest. Rest, in people with M.E. meaning lying still, not looking at anything or listening to anything that requires thought, and preferably not thinking about anything. Reading, television, radio and thinking can all be tiring to someone with M.E. Hell, I list sitting on the sofa quietly as an activity, not a rest! Not only that, but I was told not to sleep during rests. Sleeping in the day makes it harder to sleep properly at night. In my case I take a long time to wake up and recover from sleeping no matter when it is, so I definitely want to avoid sleeping in the day. To help me with my resting (and getting to sleep) I was taught breathing exercises and relaxation techniques that calm the mind down.
Some suggestions for achieving relaxation, taken from my hospital notes:
- Soft, ambient music
- Guided relaxation techniques such as:
- Visualisation or guided imagery
- Progressive or physical relaxation
- Autogenic techniques
- Diaphragmatic breathing
- Warm bath/aromatherapy
I was told to position myself very carefully so as to support all my limbs and joints for maximum rest. Here are some examples from the notes that they gave me. Note that everything is supported with pillows or cushions. That makes things hard for someone like me who can get very restless and want to change position a lot.
These are the techniques that I must start using again.
- Limit each activity to an amount I can deal with without pushing through
- Rest after each activity
- Adopt relaxing positions while resting
- Use breathing and relaxation techniques to clear my mind
- Not sleep in the day
- Try not to get so obsessed with anything that I spend too long on it at once